穆罕默德这个名字可以追溯到阿拉伯的一个动词“Muhammad ”
The name Muhammad has rooted in the Arabic verb “Muhammad”
意思是“赞扬”
which means “to praise”.
这个词表示赞扬是说得通的
This makes sense that it means the praise,
叫这个名字的最受欢迎的人已经广受称赞很多年
as the most popular figure of this name has been praised extensively for many years,
那当然是先知穆罕默德 伊斯兰教信仰的创始人
that of course being the Prophet Muhammad, founder of the religion of Islam.
然而 他绝非因穆罕默德这个名字而变得更伟大的唯一的人
However, he is definitely not the only person to be greater of that given name of Muhammad.
事实上 据说穆罕默德是世界上最受欢迎的名字
In fact, it’s believed that Muhammad is the most popular name on earth.
相较于其他名字 更多人倾向于取这个名字
Being the name given to more people than any other,
那么 它是怎样又是为什么成为世界上最受欢迎的名字的呢
so how and why did this name become the world’s most popular?
然而 它真的是最受欢迎的名字吗
However, is it actually the most popular name?
看了世界上各个国家最受欢迎名字目录就知道
Well, if you look for your list of most popular names from countries across the world,
穆罕默德这个名字在世界上一些大国中并不是首选
Muhammad doesn’t pop up as the NO.1 name in some of the biggest countries on our planet.
你认为它会成为人们眼中最受欢迎的名字吗
Would you think it would considering is supposedly the most popular name out there?
但在世界上最大的三个国家中国 美国 俄罗斯
Wei, Liam, Alexander come out a nice popular boy’s names in 2018
“伟” “利亚姆” “压力山大”分别成为2018年最受欢迎的男孩的名字
in three of the world’s biggest nations, China, the USA and Russia respectively.
当然在一些中东国家
Of course with nations in the Middle East,
穆罕默德确实是排名第一的男孩名
Muhammad it does reign as the NO.1 boy’s name.
那么 在很多国家并不受青睐的穆罕默德
So why is Muhammad considered the world’s most
为什么能成为世界上最受欢迎的名字呢
popular name when so many countries it isn’t?
为了弄清楚这点 我们专门来看看
Well, to understand this, let’s look specifically at
在英国最受欢迎的男孩名
the most popular boy’s name here in England.
从2013年起 这里最受欢迎的男孩名就是奥利弗
Since 2013, the most popular boy’s name here has been Oliver.
然而 许多人争议最受欢迎的名字不是奥利弗而是穆罕默德
However, many argue at the most popular name isn’t Oliver, but Muhammad.
那为什么英国国家统计局不公布这个呢
So why do the UK’s national statistics office that’s not show this?
那是因为 在英国 阿拉伯语并不是官方语言
Well, it’s because in countries are England where Arabic isn’t the official language
而且穆罕默德这个名字源自阿拉伯语
and Mohammad is a name of Arabic origins.
人们会使用各种不同的拼写和音译法取名
Various spellings and transliterations of the name are used.
维基百科列出了30种名字的变形
Wikipedia lists 30 variations of the name,
在英国 自由民中最受欢迎的是
and here in England, the Freedmen’s popular are
Muhammad Mohammed和Mohammad
Muhammad, Mohammed and Mohammad.
如果把名字的变形算作一个名字
If we count these spelling variations as one name,
那它们占据了英国绝大部分最受欢迎的男孩名
they overtake all over by a longshot as the most popular boy’s name here in England.
然而 鉴于存在不同的拼写 国家统计局
However, as there are different spellings in the national statistics office
将它们都算作独立的名字
counts them as separate names.
如果我们把所有以穆罕默德及其拼写变化为名字 的人连起来
So if we combined all the people with spelling variations of the first name Muhammad,
估计有1亿五千万人
it’s estimated that 150 million men have that first name
所以可以肯定的说真的有很多穆罕默德
which is safe to say is a lot of Muhammad’s.
那为什么这个名字这么受欢迎呢
So why is this name so popular?
当然 这是因为穆罕默德这个名字的内在含义
Of course, this is due to the connotations of the name
存在于伊斯兰教的宗教信仰中
Muhammad has in the religion of Islam.
正如我们所说 穆罕默德是伊斯兰教的先知
As we mentioned in Muhammad is the name of the Prophet of Islam,
所以我们可以简单地说 这个名字这么受欢迎
so we could simply say that a name is so popular due to
是因为有很多穆斯林以先知的名字给他们的儿子命名
too many Muslims naming their sons after the Prophet.
然而 我觉得个中缘由绝非如此简单
However, I feel there has to be more to it than that.
仅因为穆斯林而使穆罕默德成为最受欢迎的名字
Because one Muhammad is the most popular name due to Islam.
可伊斯兰教并不是世界上最盛行的宗教
Islam isn’t the most pop religion in the world.
伊斯兰教只是有着十八亿信徒的第二大宗教
Islam is the second most followed religion with 1.8 billion followers
而基督教则是有着二十三亿信徒的第一大宗教
with Christianity been the most followed of 2.3 billion followers.
如果穆罕默德因为宗教信仰而如此受欢迎
If Muhammad is so popular due to religion
那当然作为更大宗教影响下的名字则会更受欢迎
and surely the name on the profit of the bigger religion would be more popular.
至少 这是我在这个问题上的偏颇想法
At least, that’s my fault process on the matter anyway.
然而 我们知道“耶稣”甚至都没有进入英国名字的前一百
However, we can see that Jesus doesn’t even register in the top 100 names here in the UK,
而穆罕默德的变形都进了
while Muhammad is variations does.
那为什么穆斯林喜欢以他们先知的名字给孩子命名
So why Muslims happy to name their children after their prophet,
而基督教徒们却不那么热衷呢
but Christians don’t seem to be as keen on naming their children after theirs?
我对此做了些调查
I did some research into this
似乎在说英语的国家 绝大多数基督徒认为
and it seems that too many Christians in the English-speaking world named Jesus
耶稣这个名字应该留给救世主自己
should only be reserved for Christ himself.
而以耶稣给孩子命名则被认为对救世主不敬
And named their child Jesus would be seen as disrespectful to the Messiah.
然而 即使在说英语的国家 耶稣不是流行的名字
However, while Jesus isn’t a popular name in the English-speaking world,
也还是有对耶稣表示尊敬的名字
names that honor Jesus are.
Joshua是从耶稣这个词的词源衍生而来
Joshua is a name that has etymological roots in the name Jesus,
而Christopher则是从Christ衍生而来
and of course the name Christopher comes from Christ, too,
正如我所言 对讲英语的基督徒来说
and like I said, not naming your child Jesus seems to be
不以耶稣给孩子命名是件大事
a thing for English-speaking Christians.
然而在西班牙语世界中
In the spanish-speaking world, however,
以耶稣给孩子命名则更为普遍
Jesus is a much more popular name to give your child,
然而 其发音是hay-soos
however, is pronounced as hay-soos.
而在基督教中
While in Christianity, it seems that
叫你的孩子耶稣是有道理的
calling your child Jesus is something of know.
这并没有被传到伊斯兰教世界
This doesn’t translate over to the world of Islam.
事实上 事情完全相反
In fact, it seems to be the complete opposite.
人们不仅不回避以先知的名字给孩子命名
Not only is it not frowned upon turning the Sun after the Prophet,
反而觉得这是个更好的选择
it seems very much the preferred choice.
我查阅了关于这个名字在伊斯兰世界重要性的文章
I read through some articles about the importance of the name in Islam world.
受邀到哈佛和伦敦大学经济学院的Justin博士
Dr. Justin, guest of Harvard and the London School of Economics
调查后解释道
looked into it and explained that Muslims
穆斯林们把穆罕默德视作完美的典范
see Muhammad as a paragon of excellence,
许多以先知给孩子命名的人
and many named their sons after the Prophet
希望他们的孩子可以变得和先知一样优秀
hopes they will live a life like the Prophet.
在另一篇文章中 一位穆斯林母亲说
In another article, one Muslim woman explained
她以穆罕默德作为儿子的中间名
that she gave her son the middle name of Muhammad.
她说道“我希望这个名字可以令我的儿子
She said “I wanted a name that would make my son
思考先知是个怎样的人
think about who our Prophet was,
以及作为一个穆斯林意味着什么
and what it really means to be a Muslim,
而不是任何媒体对伊斯兰教的负面报道
rather than any negative media representation of Islam,
或那些打着先知的名号做出一些
or the twisted actions of those who claim to do things
扭曲行为的人
in the prophet’s name”.
说到媒体的负面报道
And speaking of negative media representation,
鉴于“穆罕默德”是世界上最受欢迎的名字
with Muhammad being the most popular name on the planet,
它因此也受到极大关注
much attention has been brought onto it.
许多网站和报纸都用它来丑化穆斯林的形象
Many sites and newspapers uses to portray Muslims in a negative light.
我想说不要仅仅通过名字来评判一个人
I would say don’t judge people solely by their name,
尤其这个名字恰巧是世界上最受欢迎的名字——穆罕默德
especially if it happens to be the most popular name on our planet, Muhammad.
感谢我的所有赞助人
Thank you to all my patrons who support
每个月对《说名解字》研究的支持
Name Explained on a monthly basis.
《说名解字》每个月也收到了一些像您一样的粉丝们的捐赠
Name Explain depends on some more monthly donations from fans like you
来帮我们运营这个频道
to help keep the channel running.
仅仅是每个月两美元的小捐赠也能有大帮助
Just the small amount of 2 dollars a month helps out in a huge way,
给予您赞助人专有的《说名解字》附加服务
grants you patron exclusive name explain extras,
并且这也使你们的名字和所有善心人的名字列在了一起
and it gets your name here with all these awesome people.
感谢收看
Thank you!

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