如果你关注这个频道有一段时间了
If you have been following this channel for a while.
你也许会明白我喜欢井然有序 我也的确这样
You might get the idea that I love structure. And I do.
我喜欢有效率 有组织性和有秩序的 并且我会尽可能做到自律
I love productivity, organization, order, and I try to be as disciplined as possible.
有些人听到这些会认为这很无聊
When some people hear this, they think that it’s boring.
他们将井然有序的自律生活等同于被诱捕的感觉
They equate a disciplined life of structure to feelings of entrapment.
在我告诉你关于这个话题的想法之前 我想给你讲一个故事
Before I get into my thoughts on the topic I want to tell you a story.
在一个炎热的晴天 有一只叫做Bertha的蜜蜂
So its a hot sunny day out and there is this bee and her name is Bertha.
Bertha和其他的蜜蜂在蜂巢中嗡嗡作响 只是为了放松和享受时光
Bertha is buzzing by her hive with some other bees. Just relaxing and having a good time.
和其他蜜蜂一样 Bertha希望有朝一日能够有所成就
Like the other bees, Bertha may have some aspirations doing great things one day.
我不能肯定的这样说 因为蜜蜂并没有这样的思考能力
I can’t really say. Bees probably don’t have that ability to think those kind of thoughts.
突然一头熊开始靠近她的蜂巢
Suddenly a bear starts to approach her hive.
这只熊渴望得到一些蜂蜜和蜂卵
The bear is hungry for some honey and bee eggs.
为了尝试救她的蜂巢 Bertha蛰了这只熊
In an attempt to save her hive, Bertha stings the bear.
但熊的皮毛非常厚
But its skin is so thick.
一旦她拔出毒刺就会因与毒刺分离而死去
that once she tries to pull her sting out she dismembers herself and dies.
这个故事悲伤的部分就是Bertha毫无选择
The sad part about the story is that Bertha had no choice.
在漫长的进化过程中 她已会本能的对威胁进行蛰咬
Through years of evolutionary wiring she is evolved to sting threads.
这是处于险况之下自然的生物反应
It’s a biological reaction to dangerous situation.
她不知道自己的刺会被卡住 也不知道自己会死去
She has no idea that her sting will get stuck. And that she will die.
如果她知道这样做会失去生命 她可能会逃脱 因而保全生命
If she had known she would have died, she might have flown away and saved her own life.
蜜蜂受限于自己的生物本能
Bees are prisoners to their own biology.
不像蜜蜂 人类有摆脱生物本能束缚的能力
Unlike bees, humans have the ability to override their biology,
这是通过自律达成的
through Self-Discipline.
比如说 一个人长期渴望处于一段深情的恋爱之中
Let’s say that someone has long-term desires to be in a deep and loving relationship.
创立他们热爱的有意义的事业 并拥有健康的身体
To create a meaningful career that they love and have a healthy body.
在这个过程的每一步 他们都会被短期的快乐所诱惑
Along each step of that journey they are tempted by short term pleasures.
例如色情片 垃圾食品或者电子游戏
such as porn, junk food or video games.
实际上 他们真正想要的是那种长期的生活
Deep down they really want the life that comes in the long term.
但他们仍屈服于短期的快乐
Yet they keep succumbing to short-term pleasures.
这两种选择定位的不同就在于是否自律
The only difference between these two positions is Self-Discipline.
我们有幸成为人类 有能力训教自律能力
We’re luck that as humans we have the ability to practice Self-Discipline
自律给了我们自由 去实现人生中真正的理想
It gives us the freedom to achieve what we truly want in life
并且使得我们将自己从萦绕的本能或社会牢笼中解放自己
and allows us to break free of the biological, or societal cages around us.
我认为这是一个非常棒并且有力的想法
And I think that is a pretty amazing and powerful thought.
但是它并不简单
But it’s not so simple.
一些企业了解我们的本能和生物反应
Companies are aware of our natural, biological reactions
并据此用不寻常的刺激来反击我们
and use this against us by using supernormal stimuli.
其中一个这样的例子就是垃圾食品
An example of supernormal stimuli is junk food.
我们的祖先总是在寻找富含脂肪和盐分的食物 因为这在当时是很罕见的
Our ancestors were wired to seek out and enjoy fat and salty food, because it was so rare at the time.
但相比以前
But now companies have genetically engineered food
如今的企业生产更加富含这些成分的转基因食品
to include more fats and salts than ever before
目的是为了使我们比以前更加需求这些食品
in order to make us desire it even more.
作为一个整体 社会媒体和网络是另一个不同寻常的刺激方式
Social Media and the internet as a whole is another form of supernormal stimuli.
人类生来就有探索新奇事物的本能
Humans are biological wired to seek out novelty.
对于我们的祖先来说 新奇的事物会带来更多关于世界的知识
For our ancestors novelty could lead to more knowledge about the world which could lead to more wisdom
这些知识可以让我们领会到智慧 帮助人类不断发展
which helped us thrive as a species.
这些知识有它自己的好处
It has its usefulness.
然而 互联网被设计出来 是为了通过网络展现出你难以想象的事物 并由此引起你的好奇心
However the internet has been designed to take advantage of this desire for novelty by showing you more novelty than you can ever dream of.
每一个页面都链接着富有新奇事物的页面
Every page links out to more pages, with more novelty
每一个视频都链接着更多的新奇事物视频
And every video to a video with even more novelty
电子游戏也是如此
Video games do the same thing
一些进化心理学家认为电子游戏
Some evolutionary psychologists believe that video games,
像第一人称射击游戏和大型多人角色扮演游戏
like first-person shooters and massively multiplayer open role-playing games
可以模仿相似于我们祖先过去的生活环境
imitate environments that will be similar to the ones that our ancestors navigated in the past
但却异于寻常的生活环境
but supernormal versions of them
在电子游戏中 我们可以用更少的努力来获取更多的成就感
Yet we can get greater feelings of accomplishment in video games with a lot less work
游戏中展现在屏幕上的成就值
The advent of constant achievements showing up on the screen in video games
游戏公司清楚这是激励玩家玩下去的有力证据
is good evidence that companies are aware that it will motivate players to keep playing
不仅我们的生活被自己的本能破坏
So not only are we sabotaged by our own biology
我们还被企业列为寻求利用价值的目标
But we are being target by corporation’s seeking to take advantage of us
另一方面被用来获利
and make a profit on the plus side.
你和我都不像蜜蜂 因为我们不被我们的本能拘束
You and I are not like the bee, because we are not cased by our own biology
拥有自律 我们可以拥有我们想要的生活
With Self-Dicipline — We can live the life we truly want
我们有选择自由的能力
We have the choice to be free!
支持 订阅 观看

相关热播

  • 2021-08-28父母不让我玩游戏,我该怎么办?I’ll bet you found this video我赌你找到了这条视频 because your parents won’t let you play video games.因为你的爸妈不让你玩电子游戏 I’m a psychologist and I know a little bit about parents’ psychology..
  • 2021-08-30蚊子嗡嗡叫的真实原因 | DIY神经科学系列翻译:约瑟夫•杰妮校验:克里斯汀•阿帕嗒Translator: Joseph GeniReviewer: Krystian Aparta [蚊子嗡嗡声](Mosquito buzzing) 我们都听过蚊子讨厌的嗡嗡声We’ve all heard the annoying sound of a mosquito, 而且会不惜一切代价将它赶走and we will stop at no..
  • 2021-08-24挑战自我你能变得更好!You deserve better! E T 你在说什么啊ET, what you’re talking about? 请听仔细听我说Listen to me, listen to me very carefully. 你理所应当You deserve… 你值得看到 如果你做到120%的努力You deserve to see what your life would..
  • 2021-08-24你不是最好的一个…你是最好的早上好 观众们Good morning believe nation 我的名字是亚历克斯 我的座右铭是“归属”My name is Alex and my one world is belong 我相信这个世界and I believe the world 会是个美好的世界would be a better place 如果更多的人们拥有归属感if more people felt that t..
  • 2021-08-24做真实的自己早上好 这里是Believe Nation 我是伊万Good morning Believe Nation, it’s Evan. 我的人生信条是信任My one word is believe, 我比人们更加地相信他们自己and I believe in people more than they believe in themselves. 我真诚地希望And my sincer..
  • 2021-08-24努力做你自己早安 这里是Believe Nation– Good morning Believe Nation, 我是Evan Carmichael 我的关键词是believe(相信)my name is Evan Carmichael, my one word is Believe 我相信企业家and I believe that entrepreneurs 会解决在世界上的所有主要问题wil..
  • 2021-08-28你们的数据可以帮助终结世界饥饿问题2010年6月June 2010. 我第一次来到意大利罗马I landed for the first time in Rome, Italy. 我不是去那儿观光旅游的I wasn’t there to sightsee. 我是去解决世界饥饿问题的I was there to solve world hunger. (笑声)(Laughter) 就是这样的That’s r..
  • 2021-08-28一周读一本书改变了我Reading a book a week is changing my life.一周读一本书正在改变我的生活 Around,around new years,I was feeling pretty lost this year.前几年 我感到特别迷茫 I feel just wrapped up my first semester here at Harvard.刚来哈佛的第一学期 我觉得..
  • 2021-08-24自律即自由如果你关注这个频道有一段时间了If you have been following this channel for a while. 你也许会明白我喜欢井然有序 我也的确这样You might get the idea that I love structure. And I do. 我喜欢有效率 有组织性和有秩序的 并且我会尽可能做到自律I love productivity, organi..
  • 2021-08-24如何进行洗脑,自己才能成功要是你能以某种方式给自己洗脑What if you could somehow brainwash yourself 来取得成功会怎么样to become successful? 好的 今天我们请到一位特殊的客人Well, today we have a special guest 他将详细介绍怎样才能做到who’s gonna talk about exactly how to d..
  • 2021-08-24胜者思维我不知道你正在面对着什么I don’t know what you are facing, 但我知道but here is what I do know. 你拥有独特的东西You’ve got something special. 你有伟大的灵魂You’ve got greatness in you, 我知道and I know it’s poss..
  • 2021-09-01轻松记住古代七大奇迹在这个视频中 我将会调动你的大脑In this video I’m going to hack your brain 以一种比你想象的更快更有效的方式and make you memorize the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World 记住来自远古世界的七大奇迹faster and more effectively than you ever thought poss..

我要评论

    评论加载中...

译学馆所有视频和图片来自互联网版权归原创者所有。

加载中...