您正在收看的是冷流科技
You are watching ColdFusion TV.
冷流科技
[Music playing]
大家好 欢迎再次收看ColdFusion视频栏目
Hi, welcome to another ColdFusion video.
回顾历史
Looking through all of history
你能够发现手机
you would see that the mobile phone
造成了人们日常生活中最快速的变化
has caused the most rapid changes in daily life ever seen.
手机已经改变了我们对可能性的认知甚至我们的思维方式
Phone has altered our exceptions of what’s possible and even our mental process.
现在它能让我们随时了解掌握所有的事情
Now it expects to have all things with us at all times in our pockets.
即刻间 全世界尽在我们指尖
The entire world is at our finger tips, instantly.
我们甚至可以以刹那永恒的方式感受时间
We even tend to perceive time in such way where a few seconds is eternity.
如果手机多花几秒钟时间来开机或者抓拍到完美的镜头
If a phone takes more than a few seconds to boot up and snap the perfect shot.
那就是不够好
That’s just not good enough.
我们能够读 看 听
We are able to read, watch, listen to
花费以及有时候甚至能进行创新无论何时何地
consume and sometimes even create from anywhere at any time.
我们描述的正是智能手机革命
What I’ve just described is the smart phone revolution.
而它的发展仅仅只有十年
And it’s only a decade old.
追溯到上个时间九十年代和2000年的智能手机
Before the smart phone in the 2000 and 90s.
手机的功能可比现在少得多
Phones were a lot less than this.
它仅仅能打电话 有一个基本的文件整理器
They just made phone calls, had a basic organizer
在随后的几年里 如果你运气好的话 简单的相机功能和非常基础的上网功能出现了
and in later years, a modest camera and very basic internet if you are lucky.
但是追溯到二十世纪八十年代 手机只能做一件事——打电话
But go back into the 1980s, and mobile phones just did one thing, make phone calls.
但是问题是
But the question is
在这些只能打电话的原始手机中 第一个手机是什么?
What was the first one of these primitive phones that just made phone calls?
什么这个原始手机能够成为爷爷
What was the original phone that would become the grandfather
对于在我们口袋里数以百万记的手机中
to all the billions of phones in our pockets
它来自哪里?谁发明了它?
Where did it come from? Who invented it?
在它的背后到底发生了什么故事
And what’s the story behind it?
在这段视频里 我们将看一看
In this video, we’ll take a look.
本视频由搭建网站服务器工具“Square Space”提供
This video is brought to you by Square Space
这是做网站的最简单的方法之一
one of the easiest ways to make website.
我现在正在建设冷流科技网站
I’m building a ColdFusion website now.
如果你对于你想在网站上看的内容有任何建议
And if you have suggestion for what you would like to see on the website
请在下方评论让我知道
let me know below.
如果想制作属于你自己的网站
If you want to make your own website
请转到squarespace.com/ColdFusion购买 第一次购买有九折优惠
Go to squarespace.com/ColdFusion to get 10% off your first purchase.
让我们开始了解第一部手机的故事
To start the story of the first mobile phone
我们得追溯到二十世纪六十年代
we have to go back to the 1960s.
在这段时间在科技上
Technically at this time
手机已经存在了 但是只是在汽车里
mobile phones did exist, but only in cars.
而且如果你想拥有一个 你必须得是城镇里的首领
And if you had one, you were the boss of the town.
是一个真正的成功人士
A real high flyer.
事实证明
As it turns out
自二十世纪四十年代以来 汽车电话在美国的大城市里已经有了有限的使用
Since the 1940s, car phone had enjoyed limited use in large cities of the US.
将电话安装在车辆里是让它们移动的唯一办法
Putting a phone in a vehcle was the only way to make them mobile.
这是因为电话需要大量的动力去运行
This is because the phone took so much power to run
只有汽车电池能够支持它
that only car batteries can supply it.
另外一个缺点是在给定区域 也只有十二个频道
Another drawback was that for a given area, only 12 channels existed.
所以在大部分时间你不得不等着用网络
So most of the time, you’d have to wait to use that network.
只是为了连接到一个电话 就能耗费三十分钟
Just connect to a call, can take 30 minutes.
这就是它本来的样子 以及它永远的样子
That’s just the way it was, and the way it always will be.
直到1968年
Untill 1968 that is.
在这一年 联邦通讯委员会要求美国电话电报公司解决这个问题
In this year, the Federal Communications Commission asked AT&T to fix this issue.
之后美国电话电报公司提出了一个移动电话构架
AT&T then came up with a cellular architecture.
它的目标是将覆盖范围大的区域划分为更小的区域。
Its aim was to break up the large areas of coverage into smaller ones.
因此 许多人可以同时在他们的车里使用他们的手机
So that multiple people could use their phones in their cars at the same time.
常规的移动系统使用中央大功率发射机来服务整个城市
Regular mobile system use a central high power transmitter to serve an entire city.
但是这样的话 只有一台电话能被处理
But this way, only one telephone call can be handled
在同一时间使用一条无线电语音路径
on a radio voice path at one time.
AMPS(高级移动电话系统)可以同时提供更多的无线频道
AMPS(Advanced Mobile Phone Sysytem) makes many more radio channels available at one time
通过使用一些低功率的发射器将服务给予更多的客户
to many more customers by using a number of low power transmitters.
每一个电讯发射器都是它自己独立区域的中心 或是单元
Each transmitter is the heart of its own separate arae, or cell.
当车辆从一个车辆从一个单元向另一个单元移动
As a vehicle drives from one cell to another
位于中央位置的称为移动电话交换办公室的先进电子设备
advanced electronic equipment at a central location called a mobile telephone switching office
自动通过电话线路将电话转到另一个单元 而不需要打电话的人知道
automatically transfers the call by telephone line to another cell without the caller knowing it.
如果我没有我的手机 那将会是一场灾难
If I don’t have my phone, it would be disaster.
额 我不知道我要干什么 我真的要返回 额…
Er, I don’t know what I do, really I’d back to, Er…
停止往前走 去寻找我的手机
coming off the way, looking for a phone
顾客们叫喊着尖叫着:“你在哪里?你为什么不接电话?”
customers yelling, screaming: Where are you? Why haven’t you called?
“为什么你一点都不在意?”
Why don’t you care?
在同一时间
Around the same time
摩托罗拉有一个汽车电话部门
Motorola had a car phone division
不希望美国电话电报公司垄断产品
and didn’t want to AT&T to have monopoly on products
通过利用这个新系统
that could take advantage of this new system.
摩托罗拉认为 如果他们什么都不做的话 这将是他们移动业务的终结
Motorola felt this would be the end of their mobile business if they didn’t do anything.
所以他们决定开发一款手机来利用这种新技术
So they decided to develop a phone to utilize this new cell technology
并请一个名叫马丁·库珀的人来领导这个项目的研发
and asked a man, by the name of Martin Cooper, to spearhead this project.
在1972年 他开始了这个项目
In 1972, he got started.
但问题是 这个项目存在很多风险
The thing was, there was a lot of risk here.
因为当时的摩托罗拉真的没有资本来承担任何失败
Because at the time, Motorola didn’t really have the capital to absorb any failure.
如果他们花了一大笔钱在这个项目上但是失败了
If they spent a whole bunch of money on this project and it failed
这可能意味着摩托罗拉末日的到来
it could spell the end for Motorola.
而美国电话电报公司则是巨人
AT&T, on the other hand, were giants.
他们可以毫无顾虑地一掷千金
they could throw as much money as they wanted without worring.
这就好比大卫大战歌利亚
It was David vs. Goliath.
一天 在思考这个问题的时候
One day, while thinking about this problem.
马丁·库珀回忆起一幅名为《迪克·崔西》的连环漫画
Martin Cooper recalled a comic strip called ‘Dick Tracy’
其中的主要角色都通过移动腕表对话
It usually involved with a main character talking into a mobile wrist watch.
这是一个二十世纪六十年代的广告描绘了一款玩具手表
Here’s an ad from the 1960s, depicting a toy version of the watch.
“崔西呼叫孩子们!收到请回答 孩子们!”
Tracy to kids! Come in, Kids!
这款产品终于问世了!
It’s here, at last!
新款迪克·崔西双向手腕型无线电
The new Dick Tracy two-way wrist radio
可以让你和你的朋友保持联系
that keep you in constant touch with your buddies.
能从一个房间传输到另一个房间
Broadcast from room to room
甚至是房子与房子之间传输
and even house to house.
不需要电线 声音也能来回自如穿梭
No wires needed, yet voices travel back and forth.
无线电能在公路上自行车之间传输
Radio on the open road from one bike to another
或者当我们骑马在外时
or when out hacking.
这给了马丁一个主意 他开始以不同的方式思考这个问题
This gave Martin an idea and he begain to think about the problem differently.
为什么把号码分给桌子 房子 建筑物
Why assign a number to a desk, a home, a building
车甚至是一块地方
a car or even a place at all.
为什么不将数字分配给人
Why not assign it to a person?
你可以在任何地方与你想要的人联系
You can be connected wherever you are to whoever you wanted.
这是一个革命性的想法
This was a revolutionary idea.
有了这个想法 库珀公然违抗了这个行业狭隘的汽车手机愿景
With this thought, Cooper defy the industry’s narrow vision of car phones
并想出了一种个人携带式的交流方式
and went for the idea of a personal portable form of communication.
既然他有了想法
Now that he had the vision
他所要做的就是让他的团队来创造出它
all he had to do was set his team up to build it.
但是这能做到吗?
But could this even be done?
无人知晓
Nobody knew.
马丁正在指望一种全新的技术来实现这一愿景
Martin was banking on a brand new technology that could make this vision a reality.
那就是微处理器
The microprocessor.
这是一个微型芯片 可以做和许多汽车电话组件一样的事情
It was a tiny chip that could do the same thing as many car phone components
并且占用更少的空间 以及消耗更少的电力
with much less space and much less power consumption.
令人惊讶的是 到1973年3月
Surprisingly, by March of 1973
库珀和他的团队完成了一个工作原型
Cooper and his team had a working prototype.
在1973年4月3日
On April 3rd, 1973
马丁在纽约市的新闻发布会上介绍了摩托罗拉DynaTAC手机
Martin introduced the DynaTAC phone at a press conference in Newyork City.
要确保他的手机在新闻发布会之前确实有效运行
To make sure that his phone actually work before the press conference.
他决定用手机打出第一个电话
He decided to place the very first public cell phone call.
他决定给一名叫做乔尔·恩格尔的工程师打电话
He decided to call an engineer called Joel Engel
他是项目竞争对手美国电话电报公司的负责人
he was the head of AT&T’s rival project.
马丁只是打给乔尔并告诉他们
So Martin simply called Joel just to tell them that
他已经在手机业务方面打败了他们
he’d beaten them to the mobile phone.
在这第一个电话中 我们不知道的是
In that first call, we didn’t know
这将会在任何方面都具有历史意义的
it was gonna be historical in any way at all.
我们只担心一件事
We only worried about one thing:
手机会运行吗?
Is the phone gonna work?
当我们打开它的时候 幸运的是它做到了
When we turn it on, fortunately it did.
经过多年的发展 在1983年
In 1983, after years of development
摩托罗拉向消费者推出了第一款便携式手机
Motorola introduced the first portable cell phone to consumers.
这便是摩托罗拉DynaTAC 8000x手机
It was the DynaTAC 8000x.
它重几乎1公斤 绝对是巨大的 因为它需要这么多电池来驱动它
It almost weight 1 KG and was absolutely huge because it need so much battery to power it.
尽管有这些电池
Despite all of that battery
一块电池充满电得花费十个小时的时间
a full charge took roughly 10 hours.
但是仅仅只提供手机30分钟的通话时间
And it offered only 30 minutes of talk time.
最重要的是
And to top it all off
经通货膨胀美元汇率调整后 其价格几乎为1万美元
Its price was almost 10 thousand dollars adjusted for inflation.
所以当你听到这些的时候 你可能会认为
So when you hear all of that, you’re probably thinking
这款手机产品是失败的
that this mobile phone product was a failure.
但实际上远非如此
Well, actually far from it.
事实证明 任何时候谈论任何地方的价值
As it turns out, the value of talking any where at any time
都是值得的
made the cost worth it.
而且这部手机最终还是成功了 并拉开了手机革命的序幕
And the phone eventually became a success, kicking off the mobile phone revolution.
回想在1973年马丁第一次打出第一个电话的时候
When Martin made the first mobile phone call back in 1973.
世界上只有一部真正的手机
There was only one real cell phone.
现在 手机已经比人还多了
Now, there are more mobile phones than people.
所以 现在的马丁在干什么?
So, what’s Martin up to today?
在88岁时
At age 88
他成为支持联邦通信委员会的一员
he sit on committee supporting the Federal Communication’s Commission
并支持美国商务部
and the United States Department of Commerce.
这就是谁发明了第一部手机的故事
So that’s the story of who invented the very first mobile phone.
感谢老马丁在禁区外冒着风险思考
I thank good old Martin for taking the risk and thinking outside of the box.
毫不夸张地说 他改变了世界和我们的生活
He literally changed the world and all of our lifes.
总之 那仅仅只是一小段历史
Anyway, that was just a quick little piece of history.
感谢您的观看
Thanks for watching.
如果您偶然发现了这个频道 欢迎您自由订阅
Feel free to subscribe if you just stumbled across this channel.
这里是Dagogo 您正在收看的事冷流科技频道
This’s been Dagogo. You’be been watching ColdFusion.
我们下期视频再见
And I’ll catch you again soon for the next video.
谢谢您 祝您生活愉快!
Cheers, guys! Have a good one!
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ColdFusion is new thinking.
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