THIS IS A CAR
这是辆汽车
This is not a car.
这不是汽车
Okay, I guess it’s a vehicle.
好吧 应该说它是机动车
The fact that you can not drive these vehicles by yourself,
事实上 由于你无法亲自驾驶
that it doesn’t have manual controls,
因为它没有手动控制
that, in our view, distinguishes it from
所以 我们认为 它不同于
what people traditionally refer to as cars.
传统意义上人们所说的汽车
You don’t have that moment of, ‘Hey, it’s a car!’
你不会看见它然后叹道:“哟 居然是辆汽车!”
but it’s kind of not a car.
但它确实不能算是辆汽车
And, you know, ‘What’s that steering wheel doing moving by itself?’
你会想: “那个方向盘怎么会自己动呢?”
We view those transitional products
我们将这些过渡型产品
as kind of weird hybrids.
视为某种奇特的混合动力车
This vehicle is capable of Level Five autonomy.
这辆车的自动化水平能够到达五级
By contrast, Tesla Autopilot is Level Two.
相比之下 特斯拉自动驾驶技术只有二级水平
Level Five is a major step change in complexity,
到了第五级 在复杂程度上就有重大变化
and means no humans are necessary to drive the vehicle.
这意味着不需要人类介入去驾驶机动车了
You’ve probably heard about autonomous vehicles for years
可能多年前你就听说过自动驾驶机动车了
and may be skeptical that they actually work.
而且你可能会怀疑它们是否真能上路
Are they truly autonomous,
它们真的是全自动的吗
or are they just billionaire science projects?
或者它们就是那种亿万富翁资助的科学项目?
This is not going to be a science project.
这不会是个科学项目
And we’re gonna make sure
我们将确保
that the recipe and methodology to get that done is scalable.
实现目标的方式方法具有可扩展性
Here, just south of Oakland,
这儿 就在奥克兰的南部
Zoox is manufacturing and testing their first fleet.
Zoox公司正在制造并测试他们的第一批车辆
So what’s it like to ride in one?
那坐在车里是什么感觉呢?
This is “Hard Reset,”
这就是《初始化重启》
a series about rebuilding our world from scratch.
从头开始重新构建世界之系列片
第一部分 科技
Zoox制造工厂 弗里蒙特 加州
This is an assembly line
这是一条装配流水线
where robot cars are assembled by normal humans,
在这里 普通人类组装机器人轿车
as opposed to most assembly lines
不同于绝大多数生产流水线
where normal cars are assembled by robots.
那里是由机器人组装普通轿车
How is he walking so slow?
他怎么走得这么慢?
So this is the way that we receive the body;
我们接收到的机车主体就是这样的
it’s actually produced in Italy.
这个部分实际上产于意大利
The body is made out of carbon fiber.
车身是碳纤维的
The computer’s down here in the floor.
电脑安在这底下
If you look down here, basically under the seat,
如果你往这下面看 差不多就在椅子下面
is the space where we install the batteries.
这是我们放电池的空间
Moving on to this side,
上这边来
our door system is very different than what you see on a traditional car.
我们的车门系统不同于传统汽车上你所见到的
As it’s more, I would say, related to what you would see on a bus or a train,
要我说 它更像在大巴或火车上看到的那种
basically opening to the side.
基本上它是打开移至侧面
I came to see these cars,
我来看看这些汽车
sorry,
抱歉
“vehicles,”
是“机动车”
come off the assembly line and go to this testing facility,
离开装配流水线 然后去一个测试场地
which is cleverly disguised as a mostly abandoned parking lot.
这个场地被巧妙伪装成几乎要废弃的停车场
They test everything from steering, crab steering-
他们什么都测试 从转向 横向转向……
Wow, what the f*ck?
哇 见鬼!
Door operation.
车门操作
And if they’re weather sealed.
看它们是否防风防雨
And also, rogue filmmakers jumping in front of them.
还有 在这捣乱的电影制作人在它们面前跳来跳去
I actually added that test to this process.
实际上是我把这项测试加入了这个过程
The only reason that cars aren’t symmetrical today
现在的轿车之所以不对称
is that you have to drive them in one direction.
是因为你只能让它们朝一个方向开
Why not just make the vehicles symmetrical and bidirectional?
为什么不把车做成对称而且能双向行驶呢?
For example, you don’t have to do three-point or five-point turns,
例如 你不必进行 三点或五点掉头
and you can avoid a lot of U-turns.
你可以避开许多U型掉头
So if you pick somebody up in their driveway,
所以如果要在车道上接人的话
you can just flip the lights and go out the other way.
只需打开指示灯 然后从另一个方向开走即可
It makes routing easier and more efficient.
它使行车路线更加简单 高效
All of the initial testing is done
所有的初步测试都是由
by a guy with a very cool remote control.
一个小伙儿用一个炫酷的遥控器完成的
But then the moment of truth—
接下来就是成败分晓时刻
a fully autonomous ride.
全自动行驶之旅
OK.
好了
So what’s it like to ride in one?
那坐在车里什么感觉呢?
Well, because of lawyers and insurance companies,
因为律师和保险公司不允许我们坐上去
we only got to stick our camera in
我们只能把摄像机放在车里
with one of the Zoox test passengers.
让它与Zoox公司的乘客测试员共乘
But we hear the passenger experience is actually…
但我们听说乘客实际上的感受是……
Kind of boring?
有点无聊?
But it made it very clear
但是这使我们清楚地意识到
that this is gonna be the future of mobility.
这将成为移动出行的未来
– Okay, boring.
好吧 无聊
Because it’s smooth, because one of our mottos
因为它很平稳 因为我们的车辆设计
in the design and in the experience is making sure
以及用户体验的理念之一就是让
that you don’t even think about driving.
你对驾驶这件事想都不用想
It’s easy to get a little bit too obsessed
我们很容易沉迷于
with only the narrow technology aspects,
仅对科技方面的狭隘追求
and not think about what is that product like for the end-user
很少去思考这样的产品会让终端用户有什么感受
If you think about people using our product,
想一想 人们在使用我们的产品时
they’re gonna get in this vehicle
他们会坐进这车里
and they’re not going to know how it works.
他们不知道这是怎么运行的
But what they are gonna experience is,
但是他们能体验到的就是:
what does it feel like?
乘坐感受如何?
And what is it like to interact with this vehicle?
与这辆车互动的是怎么样的?
What do the seats feel like?
座椅坐着感觉怎么样?
How do you tell it to go somewhere?
怎么告诉它去哪里?
Does it stop smoothly?
它会停得很平稳吗?
Is it easy to get in and out of?
上下车方便吗?
It’s kind of like getting on a monorail.
它有点像乘坐单轨列车
You don’t really have to explain a monorail to somebody.
你真的不用向谁解释单轨列车什么样
You see — – Monorail.
要知道 — “单轨列车”

– What’d I say? – Monorail.
-我说什么了? -单轨列车
– What’s it called? – Monorail.
-它叫什么? -单轨列车
And you’re like,”Oh, okay, I get it.”
然后你可能会说 “哦 好的 我明白了”
It takes about five or ten seconds.
就用了5秒或10秒钟
But unlike a monorail,
但和单轨列车不同的是
autonomous cars, uh vehicles,
自动驾驶汽车 呃 机动车
aren’t stuck on a track.
不会被困在轨道上
They can meet you wherever you like,
不管你想去哪儿 它们都能满足你
so they’re actually a lot more like a carriage ride
所以事实上 它们更像是你最喜爱的
from your favorite 17th-century epic, like “Barry Lyndon.”
17世纪的史诗作品 如《巴里·林登》里的马车旅行
But you can’t smoke inside.
但是你不能在里面吸烟
Anyway, after the vehicle passes these tests,
不管怎样 当这辆机动车通过这些测试后
it’s off to this jumbo treadmill
它就来到这个巨大的跑步机上
to get some real speed behind it.
在这后面测测它的真实速度
Then there’s more tests, like so many tests.
接着 会有更多的测试 如此这般多的测试
And that’s actually really important
而且 如果你想让它在生活中普及的话
if you want these things to be everywhere.
那些测试真的非常重要
And they kind of already are.
而且它们现在已经开始普及了
Zoox has been charting San Francisco, Las Vegas,
Zoox公司已经使用他们的三级自动化机动车
and Seattle, with their Level Three autonomous cars.
在旧金山 拉斯维加斯 西雅图进行地图绘制
These cars use LIDAR to create
这些车使用激光雷达来创建
a detailed 3D map of the city,
一幅详细的3D城市地图
which their fleet will use to navigate.
公司的车队将用这个地图去导航
The Zoox fleet will also use radar and optical cameras as they drive around
Zoox车队在行驶中还将会使用雷达以及光学摄像头
in order to give them a fuller picture of the world
这样它们就能对周边世界获得更加全面的信息
and enable safe navigation of complex environments.
使得复杂环境中的安全导航得以实现
This array of sensors holds the promise
这套的传感器保证了
of making these vehicles much safer than human-driven ones.
自动驾驶车辆的安全性更胜于人类驾驶车辆的安全性
I’m looking forward to that day
我期待着未来有一天
where we wonder how we ever accepted or tolerated
我们会感叹为什么曾经接受或者忍受
94% of crashes being caused by human error.
高达94%的撞车事件是由人为失误导致的
A lot of the crashes that humans get into
人们遇到的许多撞车事件
are during those strange maneuvers
都是在那些不熟悉的挪车过程中发生的
that people don’t do that often—
那些操作人们不常做
three-point turns, U-turns, parallel parking.
三点掉头 U型掉头 并行停车
As a human, you can only look in one direction at a time.
因为咱们人类每次只能看一个方向
Not only can we see everything all the time,
我们的传感器不仅可以至始至终眼观八方
we also have 270 degrees coverage on every corner of the vehicle,
还能覆盖到机车车身四端每一处270度的视野
so we can even see around objects.
所以我们甚至可以看到四周一圈的物体
And so we have a significantly higher degree of situational awareness,
因此我们有着高度的态势感知力
which makes the vehicle much, much safer,
这使我们的车辆更加地安全
particularly in tricky maneuvers.
特别是在棘手的挪车操作上
Zoox’s vehicles are nearly ready to make their public debut.
Zoox机车快准备好要进行其首次公众亮相了
And you’ll be able to buy one…never.
你们就可以买一辆……买可买不到
No autonomous vehicle buying for you.
你们是买不到自动驾驶机车的
第三部分 未来
These are effectively taxis, shuttling passengers about,
这些实际上是来回接送乘客的出租车
which means Zoox’s vision of the future
这意味着Zoox公司的未来设想
has very few cars that will be bought or sold.
不在于买卖多少辆车
And then what will we buy on three-day weekends?
那我们三天的周末假期里会买什么呢?
What will happen to ‘December to Remember?’
“要记住12月”活动会变成什么样呢?
What about the people who make those giant ribbons?
那些给车系巨型花结丝带的人怎么办?
You should be happy
你应该感到高兴
because I’m not making you pay for the vehicle;
因为我不会让你去花钱买车
I’m just making you pay for
我只是让你把钱花在
that little, tiny portion that’s your ride.
很少 很微小的那部分上——你的旅程
We wanna think about this as transportation as a service,
我们想把这个看作是交通工具 能提供服务
as opposed to anything else.
而不是当做其它别的事物
When you’re not using it, somebody else is using it.
当你没在用它的时候 其他人会在用它
There’s a fleet of them.
我们这可是个车队
They go to base.
它们会去基地
They autonomously get themselves to the charging station.
它们能自动去充电站
Two hours, done.
两个小时后 充电完成
Up, back out, and redeploy.
离开 回到外面 重新调度
We are challenging personal car ownership,
我们正在挑战私家车拥有观念
something that is ingrained in the psyche of this nation.
它在这个国家民众心中根深蒂固
And we’re challenging that, openly and proudly,
我们正在公开 自豪地向它挑战
because we think that the benefits for society
因为我们认为 比起传统观念
and every single one of us outweigh the,
这对社会以及每个人都有好处
“Oh, well, you know, I wanna be able to have as many cars as I want, or as I feel like.”
就那种 “我想要车 越多越好”的传统想法
And so what if Zoox, and other autonomous vehicle companies like it, succeed?
所以 如果Zoox和类似的自动驾驶机车公司成功了 会发生什么呢
More sidewalks and parks, fewer parking lots,
人行道和公园数量增加 停车场数量减少
cleaner emissions, and a whole lot fewer traffic fatalities.
气体排放更加清洁 交通死亡人数大大减少
But transportation is also about access.
但是交通工具事关其便利性
If public transit doesn’t run to your neighborhood,
如果公共交通到不了你所在的街区
and gas is a precious commodity,
而汽油又是珍贵的商品
that’s going to affect where you work and where you socialize.
那就会影响你对工作地点 和社交地点的选择
Transportation is a big deal in terms of
交通工具很重要
access to knowledge, access to freedom, independence, and just things.
关乎我们在获取知识 自由 独立 方方面面的便利性
There are areas right now that are not served well.
现在就有一些地区在这方面的服务不是很好
That, in my humble view,
依我个人浅见
limits the economic opportunity of a lot of folks.
那限制了很多人在经济发展上的机遇
Our goal, and this is something that’s particularly important to me,
我们的目标 这对我来说尤为重要
is for this vehicle to go to all areas of a city.
就是让这种机车能进驻城市的所有地区
How’re we doing on the doors?
门做得怎么样了?
This vehicle is not gonna care
这种机车不会在意
what’s your social strata,
你的社会阶层
race, ethnicity, gender, any of that.
种族 民族 性别 什么都不在乎
If you order one, it’ll come pick you up
如果你下了单 它就会来接你
and take you to where you need to go.
并且带你去往你要去的地方
A day? Oh, this is good, improving!
一天? 噢 太棒了 有很大进步!
Transportation is not equally distributed.
交通工具分布不均
You make that available,
如果你能让交通便利起来
amazing things will happen.
神奇的事情就会发生
Come back next time for another episode of Hard Reset.
欢迎继续收看《初始化重启》下一集
Subscribe to Freethink
订阅《自由思考》频道
to watch our other original series and documentaries
观看更多原创系列片和纪录片
about technology and people that are changing our world.
讲述改变世界的科技与人

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